Biological farming is a chemical free way of farming that solely focuses on improving the microbiology to increase product yield and growth.
Ideally, you can think of it as a system that is practical, profitable and sustainable. It works hand in hand with nature and balances the soil to produce healthy, disease and pest resistant crops while significantly reducing the use of chemicals. When these crops are fed to livestock, they lead to productive and healthy animals.
Farmers must encompass water, plants, air, soil, and all organisms into their farming practices. The core objective is to stimulate biological activity in the soil and utilize natural organisms as pesticides, herbicides, and fertilizers. These key microorganisms in the soil are the key to our survival as a species.
Why biological farming?
Most progressive farmers around the globe are looking for alternatives to their current management practices, specifically increasing their reliance on:
- Salt based additives
- Artificial fertilizers
Fortunately, biological farming is one such alternative. It presents a viable way of producing nutritious, high-quality produce. Biological farming includes (but is not limited to):
- Biodynamic farming
- Natural sequence farming
- Sustainable agriculture
- Organic farming
This method of farming predominantly relies on the use of organic additives, aerobic compost, and other organic additives.
Biological farming exclusively works with natural processes and systems to build the optimum plant, animal and soil health. Additionally, it incorporates the best of conventional farming methods to maintain quality and production levels.
The biological approach: advantages of microbes to plant growth
The biological approach to farming entails measuring the microbial life in the soil and applying the nutrients, microbes, compost tea, that the soil depends on to regain its balance.
Microbes have numerous benefits to plant growth. These microbes can attach to large minerals and disintegrate them into smaller pieces for the plant to absorb. Nevertheless, the microbes can significantly increase the nutrient efficiency of the plant by providing the required nutrients during growth.
Soil microbes can also decompose soil organic matter to produce nutrients and minerals into the soil over a long period. As a result, this forms an enhanced soil structure that gives rise to numerous pore spaces to be filled with water and air.
Collectively, these effects will replicate and transfer into the natural environment enabling the land to heal. To start biological farming soil amendments must be added to kick-start the biological activity.
Six important principles of biological farming:
- Utilize fertilizers that cause negligible damage to plant root and soil life.
- Feed the soil using carbon from compost, livestock manures, crop residues and green manures.
- Manage the balance of water, soil and air, and decay of organic materials.
- Create maximum plant diversity by using tight rotation and green manure crops
- Apply herbicides and pesticides responsibly while depending on customized management practices to attain maximum genetic potential.
- Test and balance the soil and feed the crops a well-balanced, supplemented diet.
Biological farming presents a challenge to conventional thinking. Despite this, many farmers globally are successfully incorporating the principles of biological farming into their operation. Evidently, biological farming can positively impact our agriculture and change our future.